Photo of the Week


Left to right: Eiffel Tower, Louvre Pyramid, Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel and Ferris Wheel. © Paris Update


Paris Update This Week’s Events

For full details about an event, click on the title to visit the official Web site (in English when available).

Drawing through the ages

"Apples" (1944), by Henri Matisse. Eric Coatalem Gallery.

> Salon du Dessin: 39 galleries showing works on paper, from Old Masters to contemporary. Palais Brogniart, Paris, March 22-27.

Contemporary drawing fair
> Drawing Now: 73 galleries, Carreau du Temple, Paris, March 23-26.

More contemporary drawings
>Ddessin: 20 galleries. Atelier Richelieu, Paris, March 24-26.

Art and design fair
> PAD (Paris Art + Design),
67 galleries, Tuileries Garden, Paris, March 22-26.

African culture festival
> The 100% Afriques festival showcases dance, theater, music, fashion, design, art, food and more from all over the continent. La Villette, Paris, March 23-May 28.

French film with English subtitles
> Lost in Frenchlation shows Audrey Dana's Si j'Étais un Homme, preceded by a themed cocktail party (€4.50). Studio 28, Paris, Feb. 24.

Documentary film festival
> Cinéma du Réel showcases documentaries from around the world. Various venues, Paris, March 24-April 2.

Suburban blues
> The Banlieues Bleues festival brings major French and international jazz acts to the Paris suburbs. Various venues, through March 31.

Before and after ecological disaster
> The Chic Planète festival presents two types of films, those celebrating the bounty of the earth and science-fiction views of what will happen after an ecopalypse. Forum des Images, Paris, through April 13.




Art - Temporary Exhibitions


Fragonard: Amoureux, Galant et Libertin

Soft Porn for
Lusty Libertines

ParisUpdate-Fragonard-MuseeLuxembourg-Le verrou

“Le Verrou” (c. 1777-78). © Photo RMN-
Grand Palais (Musée du Louvre)/Daniel Arnaudet

When his pictures weren't downright naughty, they were often breathlessly passionate, but apparently Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-
1806), the illustrator of the libertine era par excellence, didn't practice what he painted. Falsely credited with passionate liaisons with famed courtesans, he was actually a steady, faithful husband and doting father. When he painted the often risqué and sometimes licentious works shown in the exhibition “Fragonard Amoureux, Galant et Libertine” at the Musée du Luxembourg, he was just giving the public of his time what it wanted (and perhaps taking vicarious pleasure in the eroticism of his pictures?).

Some of those pictures can be almost offensive to our modern mores. “Les Suites de l'Orgie” (1765-70), primly titled “Festive Meal” in English by its owner, the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam (I would

ParisUpdate-Fragonard-MuseeLuxembourg-Suites de lorgie

“Les Suites de l'Orgie (c. 1765-70). © Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam/photo: Studio Tromp

translate it as “Aftermath of the Orgy”) shows a mass of entangled bodies with raised skirts of what appear to be children. Titles of other works like “La Résistance Inutile” (“Useless


“La Résistance Inutile” (1770-73). © Nationalmuseum, Stockholm

Resistance”) seem to imply that a rape is in progress. In "Le Verrou" (pictured at the top of this page), a young man reaches up with his right arm to lock the door while the distressed-looking young woman he has firmly gripped in his left arm tries ineffectually to stop him and push him away (French art historian Daniel Arasse saw symbols of both male and female genitals in the jumbled mass of bedclothes and draperies that take up over half the painting).

Voyeurs were well served by such works as a series of drawings of girls sporting in a dormitory in various states of undress, or “Deux Femmes sur un Lit Jouant avec Deux Chiens ou Le Lever” (“Two Women on a Bed Playing with Two Dogs,” c. 1770), in which one woman lies on her stomach with her generous buttocks uncovered while the other stands on the bed, raising her skirt up above her waist and exposing her genitals.

As highly suggestive as many of Fragonard's paintings and drawings were, however, sometimes verging on soft porn, they were never really explicit, unlike works by some of his contemporaries included in the show. In “Etreinte” (c. 1730), attributed to Jean-Baptiste Pater, for example, the couple depicted are clearly having sex, whereas in Fragonard's works, even those with the most nudity, the lovers are caught in that moment of intense


“L'Instant Désiré” (c. 1770) © collection George Ortiz/photo: Maurice Aeschimann

heat just before the act, as in “L'Instant Désiré” (c. 1770).

The exhibition, with some 80 works, makes the point that even though he was not really a libertine, he was in every other way a man of his time, influenced by fellow artists, including François Boucher, Pierre-Antoine Baudouin and Jean-Baptiste Greuze, and writers like Denis Diderot and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

While Fragonard's frothy style does not appeal to my own sensibilities, his works have their charms and serve as a sort of relic of a time and place and lifestyle that were soon to disappear as Louis XV's libertine reign gave way to the less-licentious era of Louis XVI and then the upheaval of the Revolution.

Heidi Ellison

Musée du Luxembourg: 19, rue de Vaugirard, 75006 Paris. Métro: Saint-Sulpice or Odéon. RER: Luxembourg. Tel.: 01 40 13 62 00. Open daily, 10am-7pm, until 10pm on Mondays. Closed May 1. Admission: €12. Through January 24, 2016.

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